Violent extremism and terrorism is a growing threat for stability, peace and security in West Africa, especially in the already vulnerable Sahel region. Exclusion, poverty, climate change, ethnic division and bad governance only exacerbate the threath.
Violent extremism and terrorism constitute a growing threat for the stability of the already vulnerable region of the Sahel. Situations of exclusion, poverty, tribal division and bad governance don’t do anything but (increase the expansion of these phenomenon since the start of the second lustrum of the milenio.)
The international approach( has inadvertently reinforced the trend of the local government of focusing in the main economic centers and leave aside the outskirts of the major cities), making them vulnerable to the control of terrorist organizations. https://www.crisisgroup.org/africa/west-africa/mali/forced-out-towns-sahel-africas-jihadists-go-rural
According with the latest report by United Nations Development Programme UNDP the violent extremism in the continent has caused 33,300 fatalities within only 2011 -2016, provoking displacement and humanitarian need.
In march 2017, the tension in the region reached another level, the announcement was a prove to the international community on how terrorist can join forces: the birth of Jama’at Nasr Al-Islam Wal Muslimin (“Group for the Support of Islam and Muslims”) the merge of several Mali-based al Qaeda groups: Ansar Dine, al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb , Al Murabitoon, and Katibat Macina (also known as the Macina Liberation Front).
The group has already carried out a number of attacks in Mali, Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast. Considering the the easiness to acquire assault rifles in West Africa, the high recruitment capabilities of the cells, the weak states aparats and the collusion of these terrorist groups with organised crime, drugs and the pursue of natural resources new attacks are dreaded to continue to take place in the region.